Cannabis cultivation, plant types, technologies
More than 400 varieties of cannabis are present on the world market today. Each variety has its own uniqueness.
In addition to size, aroma, and effects on the body, they differ in growing conditions, preferred vegetative growth times, and flowering phase.
Of particular interest, of course, are strains with a high yield, but this characteristic is not attainable without a special approach: proper lighting, well-tuned ventilation, selected nutrient substrate, fertilizers, airflow, pot size, and cultivation method.
No seed store can guarantee that the seedlings will not be eaten by wild animals outdoors, or that overfeeding the seedlings will be welcomed. Based on all this, it is difficult to say that the choice of one or another seed variety in the company store guarantees the receipt of weighty and resinous cones, which a novice gardener dreams of.
The world and evolution of cannabis
Our planet is generous with representatives of flora, and nature, sometimes very tempted in experiments, works real miracles. Various types of cannabis can be found on Earth, the variety is simply impressive. Hemp is no exception, and today we can find such varieties as:
- cannabis indica
- cannabis sativa
1. Cannabis indica
Each variety has adapted to certain environmental conditions, lives on a certain part of the planet and has its own exceptional merits. For example, if an enthusiastic gardener decides to get hemp seeds of pure Indica, then his path will lie to the valleys at the foot of the mountains of Afghanistan, which is closed to tourism. In addition to the cherished seed, the wanderer will be able to taste the best hash in the world there. Those who are closer to the melodies of the singing bowls of monasteries and the beautiful landscapes of Tibet will be able to find wild indica there too. It is also widespread in hot Lebanon, Pakistan, India and Morocco.
Distinctive features of Indica cannabis
Fluffy low-growing plants with wide bluish-green leaves demonstrate by their appearance how nature has tempered them, giving them resistance to strong mountain winds and weather adversities. The sturdy, knobby stems serve as imperturbable titans, able to withstand dense maturing buds covered in a generous scattering of sparkling trichomes. These fluffy monsters rarely exceed 150 centimeters in height, so they are easy to grow in small greenhouses and home grow boxes. The short phase of the color of 6-10 weeks, high resinousness, and calming effect makes cannabis seeds of this type of marijuana the most popular among people who want to pleasantly relax, sleep peacefully or immerse themselves in a whirlpool of pacifying thoughts. For legal cultivation cannabis, contact Oklahoma growers license.
Growth features of indica
Indica hemp is a very unpretentious plant with strong immunity. It is ideal for growing outdoors in the south part regions. The temperate climate allows it to fully reveal its yield potential.
Depending on the region, indica seeds are planted outdoors in April-May. It is important that the night temperature reaches 10 degrees and does not drop. The seed will germinate in 2-4 days. Sometimes the process takes up to 1-2 weeks.
A week after the emergence of a small sprout, the indica passes into the vegetative phase. Its growth is rapid. The branches grow and gain strength. The foliage grows larger until the bush turns into a fluffy monster. During the vegetative phase, the plant grows to its maximum size. As a rule, it takes her 30-35 days for this. At this moment, she needs a lot of sunlight.
This type of marijuana tolerates the absence of moisture well, but it is recommended to add water as the soil dries. The growing stage is accompanied exclusively by the plant’s need for nitrogen. On flowering, she will need potassium and phosphorus. Usually the plantation is fed at least once a month.
After less than 14 hours of daylight hours, indica cannabis will enter the color phase. The mighty knotty branches will be adorned with a scattering of inflorescences that exude a strong aroma. Watering during this period, as before, only corrects nutrition, increasing the dosage of phosphorus. Flowering lasts 6-10 weeks.
Harvesting begins in the first half of September. Two weeks before the harvest, the bush is stopped feeding and watering. The yield varies from 300 to 500 grams of dry buds per square meter of cultivated area.
Indica effect and healing properties
The sedative effect on the body is far from all the abilities of extracts based on this type of marijuana. The “stony effect” is accompanied by deep pacification and immersion in the creative processes of the universe. Philosophical inventions do not leave the traveler until the moment of awakening a brutal appetite.
For healing purposes, it is used for:
- elimination of seizures;
- with insomnia;
- to raise the dopamine hormone;
- eliminate nausea;
- removing the effects of stress;
- extinguishing nervousness;
- getting out of depression
- stimulating appetite.
2. Cannabis sativa
For the seed of this variety of marijuana, you will have to go to warm and friendly Mexico or take a long flight to Brazil. It is also common in Hawaii, some African countries, hospitable Thailand, Colombia, and South India. Sativa hemp grows to an incredible size. Some representatives of this species reach six meters in height and can reward the grower with several kilograms of resinous oblong inflorescences from one bush. The root system of these plants goes up to one and a half meters deep into the ground. This feature emphasizes that a large harvest of pure sativa can only be obtained by growing it in a large container.
Thin and oblong olive-colored leaves were formed during evolution from excess sunlight. In the regions where sativa grows, it is very hot and the scorching sun in the absence of frequent doges often leads to drought. Plants adapted to such conditions and developed massive roots in order to extract life-giving moisture in the depths of the earth’s interior. The foliage serves as a special radar receiver that absorbs the sun’s rays for photosynthesis. When they are in abundance, then there is no need for a wide sheet.
This cannabis species can last up to 15 weeks in bloom, making it difficult to cultivate at home. However, some patient and enthusiastic growers still practice growing this variety in grow boxes.
Separately, mention should be made of the effect of such hemp. Sublime euphoria, transcendental meditative experiences, a surge of uplifting vigor and an uplifting mood are not all that a long-blooming sativa can do. Her hemp seeds are highly sought after by people looking for creative inspiration. It is often used for ceremonial purposes because euphoria precedes the trail state, to which practitioners of various spiritual and occult teachings strive.
Excerpt from Mythology! Very often, the god Shiva was depicted with a hemp bud in his hand, and in some legends it is directly indicated that the inhabitant of the heavenly spheres, the creator and destroyer, loved to pamper himself with a joint, visiting the material world in bodily form. As you know, he visited India, so it is quite acceptable that he took a drag on sativa.
Natural factors in the area where sativa cannabis grows have endowed it with increased heat resistance and extreme vulnerability to cold. If the grower decides to cultivate it in the open field, then the seedlings should be planted when the night temperature reaches at least +10 degrees Celsius.
Cannabis sativa, after consumption, make a person want to move, the thought process is accelerated, brilliant ideas come to mind that require immediate implementation. Creative thinking is also activated. A person can compose several poems in five minutes. I want to create and enjoy. Many artists, poets and musicians admitted that they created some of their works under the influence of sativa varieties. The most common effects:
- feelings of gratitude and well-being;
- clarity and purposefulness of the thought process;
- energy rise;
- the concentration of attention.
4. Cannabis ruderalis
This type of marijuana is a weedy cannabis, which is distributed in the coolest regions of the planet. Most often it can be found in some regions of Russia and Siberia, as well as in the steppes of Kazakhstan and Ukraine. This information is provided by every cannabis guide, but ruderalis is found in Mexico, the United States and Canada, as well as in other countries.
We can safely say that it is distributed throughout the world in the form of weedy hemp and not suitable for consumption in the usual way. Previously, fields were sown with it, and hemp was made edible oil.
Appearance and features
Weed (sowing) hemp has relatively recently been elevated to the form of marijuana. Prior to the advent of auto-flowering experiments, seed hemp was considered a subspecies of Cannabis Sativa. The similarity of their appearance is beyond doubt: thin leaves, oblong buds, and a branched, but the fine structure of the bush. In appearance, wild cannabis resembles a smaller copy of the noble sativa.
Helpful! Today, the most famous area of mass accumulation of wild hemp is the legendary Chui Valley, where thousands of tourists come every year for a treat. However, it is worth remembering that hemp is still outlawed by the Kazakh authorities, so tourists are at great risk. The police patrol control along the endless steppes of the valley and can arrest amateurs to collect and smoke hemp. To legally sell and grow cannabis, contact licensed OMMA businesses.
Wild hemp has several distinctive features: the central stem is thin, the foliage is oblong, and has five to nine refined segments. The root of the plant has the shape of a rod and can go deep into the ground in search of life-giving moisture, while the short side roots located near the surface are responsible for the absorption of nutrients. They have a branched structure.
Wild cannabis is interesting because the life cycle is only five months from seed to harvest. The bushes reach a height of 60 centimeters, but there are specimens stretching up to 100 cm. The content of tetrahydrocannabinol in grayish inflorescences fluctuates at the level of 1-4%. This is critically small to smoke it, but enough to make “Managa” – a drink based on milk, butter, and a lot of cones.
How can you benefit from cannabis?
Weed cannabis is of great interest and can be used in the food industry. The seed oil and their kernels are incredibly valuable. They are rich in vitamins A, B (1-12), E, and D, they contain iron, calcium, magnesium, manganese, sulfur, phosphorus, and about 20 amino acids. Weed can be used to make 25,000 products: inexpensive but durable clothing, biofuel, building materials, cosmetics (including anti-aging).
Medical uses of cannabis
Weed seeds are used to prepare anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs that increase potency, strengthen the heart, relieve fasting menstrual syndrome, relieve insomnia, drugs that normalize the nervous system, and much more.